عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The WTO is an international organization which arranges international commercial rules and disputes settlements. Increasingly joining of countries to the WTO and movement for freedom of commercial regime in industrial or developing countries are deniable testimonies for globalization. Gradual reduction of tariff and competition in exports and internal markets by their advantages have jeopardizes consequences for industries. These risks are unfair competition by Dumping and subsidized experts productions.
In order to preventing this unfair competition, the organization decides to enact some rules i. e. Anti- dumping agreement of the WTO which is one of the commodities agreement of GATT 1994. This agreement contains measures for preventing unfair competition or facing emergency conditions which usually appointed with countries request in order to protect internal industries.
In accordance with this agreement a product dumps when export price, in normal flow of commerce, is lower than production price. If the WTO members in research process obtain below instances, they can apply anti-dumping measures:
- Dumping takes place.
- Serious interruption in internal industry has occurred.
- Finding the communication between Dumping and interruption. ...