عنوان مقاله [English]
Conflict of interests refers to a situation where a person is in a position that can choose between personal and public interests. It has direct influence on judge's mental independence, lack of transparency, and undermining the legitimacy of the judicial system. Therefore, the issue of conflict of interests turns into the main strategies of policy making and rule making. This article, after introducing the conflict of interests in the judicial system, evaluates the legal system of Iran in terms of global standards in this field. The findings of the article show that despite the fact that the legislator in Iran recognized the importance of issue of conflict of interests and tried to some extent prevent it in some cases, this issue has been limited to punishment after occurrence which is ineffective. Some legal systems in this realm have more coherent rules and procedures that can be modeled and modified by the rules for the elimination of conflicts of interest. Such as the disappearance of golden signatures, asset declarations are among the solutions that can be used to prevent and manage conflicts of interest.
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