عنوان مقاله [English]
In most juridical books and under “usurpation”, “retaliation” and “blood-money”, jurisprudents have spoken of the two institution of “perpetration” and “causation” The two have been included in laws as well. Concerning perpetration, causation, and types of perpetration …, many discussions have been made in juridical and legal books. Some scholars, however, are of the opinion that, since the terms “cause” and “the actual perpetrator” have not been used in the Quran and hadiths and there is controversy between jurisprudents about definitions and instances of the two terms, discussion about causation and perpetration is a superfluous and verbal one and what is of importance is attributing damage or crime to someone else, whether he is the actual perpetrator or cause. The present article studies and evaluates the scientific and practical differences which may be between the two institutions. Evidently, if it is proved that there are such differences then founding these two institution and discussing about them is a must. Otherwise, one has to accept the opinion of the author who consider the discussion about these both superfluous and the attribution damage or crime to pushy or criminal one necessary.